Migration to New Worlds covers all aspects of the migration experience from departures to arrival and permanent settlement between 1800 to 1924. English, Scandinavian, Irish, Italian, Jewish, Polish and Scottish migrant experiences are well represented, along with a variety of documents covering Chinese and Japanese migration to the United States and indentured labour in the West Indies.
Letter collections, travel journals, diaries and oral histories provide first-hand accounts for research into emigration experiences and the hardship of settlement. These are supplemented by scrapbooks, government papers, hand-drawn maps, watercolours, objects, emigration pamphlets, shipping papers and rare printed material which provide context to the history of migration, legislation and living conditions during this period.
The collection also includes early material such as the first emigration "round robin" from 1621 and letters from late 18th century merchants and travellers in the United States.
Material on the movement of Indian and Chinese indentured labourers is included within CO 384, digitised from the National Archives, UK. The complete War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence files cover both the emigration and remigration of indentured labourers and all printed material is fully text-searchable. Printed extracts from early files have been separated out to ensure full-text searching is available.
Source Archive material includes:
American Antiquarian Society: Rare printed books from 1820 to 1920 on how America was shaped by immigration. Includes the Annual Reports of the Commissioners of Emigration of the State of New York, 1851-1874 (41,278 images)
British Library: Pamphlets and handbooks providing helpful advice for the growing number of families emigrating from Great Britain to the United States, Australia (particularly Tasmania) and New Zealand between 1800 and 1870 (17,364 images)
California Historical Society: Principally concerned with Asian migration from the turn of the nineteenth century. Letters, diaries and printed pamphlets on Chinese and Japanese migration into the United States (10,548 images). Other key material includes:
Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21, Halifax: Photographs show the process of immigration in action, with English, Italian, German, Dutch and Eastern European passengers arriving in Halifax, Nova Scotia (188 images).
Glenbow Museum: Manuscript diaries and letter collections of Canadian immigrants (7,478 images). Key highlights include:
Historical Society of Pennsylvania: Manuscript correspondence and business papers from Irish, German, Italian, Japanese and other European immigrants in the Philadelphia area (27,548 images). Key highlights include:
Liverpool Record Office: Letter books from the Medical Officer of Health for Liverpool 1849-1879 make up a key part of this collection, along with 19th century watercolours of the port and its surroundings from the W. Herdman Collection (7,455 images).
Maritime Museum of San Diego: Logbooks from the Euterpe (later renamed Star of India) 1884-1923 (2,173 images).
Maritime Museum of Tasmania: Collected objects, photographs, diaries and correspondence connected with the emigrant trade to Tasmania (186 images).
National Museums Liverpool: Maritime Archives and Library: Bringing together first-hand accounts from emigrant passengers leaving Liverpool for Australia, New Zealand, America and Canada (15,572 images). Key highlights include:
Museum of Victoria: Printed material, letters and travel journals are supplemented by objects and photographs concerning the emigration of families to Australia (3,054 images).
The National Archives: Comprising the complete CO 384 "War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence" series (1817-1896) and MT 32/1-12 "Surgeons Journals Relating to Convict Ships" (1858-1867) (121,145 images).
Robert Opie Collection: A collection of pamphlets from 1924-1925 advertising Australia and Canada to men and women as attractive destinations for emigration, including Australia Invites the British Domestic Girl and Farming Industries for Small Holders in Australia (65 images).
Tenement Museum, New York: Objects, documents, oral histories and photographs showing the living conditions of immigrant communities in the Lower East Side during the late 1800s and early 1900s (2,411 images).
University of Sussex: Printed copy of The English Notebooks by Nathaniel Hawthorne (360 images).
More information is available.
We purchased this resource in perpetuity and it is available free for higher and further education institutions in the UK.
Content was selected through an in-depth process of editorial review and hands-on assessment, and in consultation with archivists, academics and librarians.
Collection highlights include:
This is a static archive collection.